PERIODONTAL DISEASE RISK FACTORS

The main cause of periodontal disease is bacterial plaque, a sticky film that remains on your teeth after eating a meal. However, there are many other factors that could affect the health of your gums:

Smoking/Tobacco Use

Tobacco use is linked with many serious illnesses such as respiratory disease, heart disease, cancer, as well as numerous other health problems. Tobacco use is also an established risk factor for periodontal disease. It influences the initiation, extent and severity of periodontal disease. In fact, recent studies have shown that tobacco use may be one of the most significant risk factors and that smokers are three times more likely to develop periodontal disease compared with non-smokers. Additionally, it can lower the chance of successful treatment.

For a free consultation please contact our MARYLAND Periodontist Dr. Melanie Towe in her Frederick office at 240-651-5478 to learn about the many smoking cessation therapies we offer in order to help you with your attempt to quit smoking and to obtain the periodontal treatment that can keep your gums healthy.

Genetics

Happy senior lady in wheelchair smiling outside Research proves there is a hereditary component to periodontal disease.  Up to 30% of the population may be genetically susceptible to gum disease. Genetically predisposed people may be six times more likely to develop periodontal disease despite good home care. Identifying the genetic risks of periodontal disease and starting preventative and proactive treatment early is the key to control and minimize progression of periodontal disease. Our office can customize a plan for you and your family and help you keep your teeth for your lifetime.

For a free consultation please contact our MARYLAND Periodontist Dr. Melanie Towe in her Frederick office at 240-651-5478 to find out about genetic tests available for risk factor identification and treatment that can prevent tooth loss.

Pregnancy, Menopause and Puberty

Our bodies experience hormonal changes in times such as pregnancy, menopause and puberty. These changes can affect many of the tissues in your body, including your gums. Your gums can become swollen, sensitive, bleed easily and more susceptible to gum disease. Recent studies suggest that pregnant women with gum disease are seven times more likely to deliver preterm, low birth weight babies than women without gum disease.

For a free consultation please contact our MARYLAND Periodontist Dr. Melanie Towe in her Frederick office at 240-651-5478 to find out more about hormonal influence on periodontal disease and gum sensitivity.

Stress and Medications

Stress is linked to many serious conditions such as hypertension, cancer, and numerous other health problems. There is mounting evidence that stress is linked to periodontal disease. Stress can contribute to periodontal disease by making it more difficult for the body to fight off infection, making you more likely to neglect oral hygiene, and more prone to using alcohol and tobacco. 

Medications such as oral contraceptives, anti-depressants, and certain heart medicines, can affect your oral health. Medications can cause dry mouth and/or excessive gum growth which result in difficulty in maintaining oral hygiene, leading to oral problems.

For a free consultation please contact our MARYLAND Periodontist Dr. Melanie Towe in her Frederick office at 240-651-5478 IF YOU ARE CONCERNED WITH THE MEDICATIONS YOU ARE TAKING MAY BE CAUSING YOU PROBLEMS, PLEASE CONTACT OUR OFFICE

Clenching or Grinding Your Teeth

Has anyone ever told you that you grind your teeth at night? Do you have headaches when you wake up in the morning?  Is your jaw sore from clenching your teeth when you’re concentrating on a task? Clenching or grinding your teeth can damage your teeth, worsen periodontal disease and affect your temporomandibular joint (TMJ).

For a free consultation please contact our MARYLAND Periodontist Dr. Melanie Towe in her Frederick office at 240-651-5478 TO FIND OUT MORE ABOUT HOW A NIGHTGUARD CAN HELP WITH YOUR NIGHT TIME GRINDING/ CLENCHING AND HEADACHES